BSF Programme Director Ambassador Iztok Mirošič attended a week-long conference on international affairs and diplomacy in Rome, organized by the Festival della diplomazia and Istituto Affari Internazionali – IAI. As a speaker, he participated in a strategically oriented discussion titled “Multipolarismo e multilateralismo: nuovi equilibri geopolitici” that took place in the Centre for American Studies in Rome.
The discussion was oriented on the passage of the modern world from the system of multilateralism based on global liberal order and win-win system related to interdependence of the actors in the international society into a system of multipolarity and multicentricity, which is affected by a decrease in the role of international institutions and organizations, international law and differentiation among the poles of competing centres of global power, following the “zero sum game” rules. All this affects the Transatlantic relations and relations between the EU and the USA. The main guarantee of the European post-war security and prosperity used to be the USA. With the new president, such a role is put into question (support to Brexit, contradictions to the EU …). Discussants agreed that the direction of the developments is even closer to the new bipolarity instead of multipolarity. The basic relations and competition in the 21st Century is taking place between the USA and China. The EU tried to address such challenges with a renewal of the European Security Strategy (2003) into the EU’s Global Strategy (2016) in order to protect effective multilateralism. The fact is that the EU can only address its biggest challenges (migration, security, climate change) through global multilateral cooperation.